Shedding Light On Seasonal Depression: Understanding, Causes, and Treatment
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Shedding Light On Seasonal Depression: Understanding, Causes, and Treatment

As the world is embraced in a cold blanket of winter and the season changes, some individuals find themselves navigating through a condition known as Seasonal Depression. This condition, also known as Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) (Rosenthal et al., 1984), affects a large number of people and is more serious than the wintertime blues.

 

Here we will discuss the complexities of seasonal depression. We will look at its causes, frequency, and why it typically casts a longer shadow in the winter. For individuals looking for respite from the seasonal blues, we’ll also discuss the different therapy choices that are accessible.

 

 

Table Of Contents

What Is Seasonal Depression?

What Causes Seasonal Depression?

How Common Is Seasonal Depression?

Why Is Seasonal Depression Worse in The Winter?

What Types of Treatment Are There for Seasonal Depression?

  

 

 

What Is Seasonal Depression?

Seasonal depression, often known as seasonal affective disorder (SAD), is a form of severe depressive illness that manifests itself during particular seasons of the year (Rosenthal et al., 1984). Autumn and winter are the time of the year when there are fewer daylight hours and this is when the most prevalent type of SAD appears. There is, however, also a less frequent variation that manifests itself in the spring and summer (Roecklein & Rohan, 2005).

Individuals who suffer from seasonal depression frequently exhibit symptoms that are comparable to those of major depressive disorder, including feelings of hopelessness, sleep and eating irregularities, and a chronic melancholy or loss of interest in activities. It is unique in that it happens periodically throughout the year. This differs from Major Depressive Disorder in that it is not tied or a specific time of year.

 

Seasonal Depression

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What Causes Seasonal Depression?

Seasonal Depression’s exact etiology is unknown, although there are several explanations as to why it occurs. The decreased exposure to natural sunlight in the fall and winter is one important element. Sunlight is essential for controlling the circadian rhythm, the body’s internal clock. It also contributes to the synthesis of serotonin, a mood-affecting neurotransmitter. A decrease in exposure to sunlight leads to a deficiency of serotonin, therefore a change in personality and mood is observed (Lukmanji et al., 2020).