Symptoms of Postpartum Depression are the same as for Major Depressive Disorder, with the additional criteria that the person has given birth in the past year. To meet criteria for MDD a person must experience at least 5 of the following symptoms for more than 2 weeks:
- Depressed mood or mood swings
- Lack of pleasure
- Sleep and appetite disturbance
- Difficulty concentrating
- Psychomotor disturbance (i.e. feeling like your moving through water, or feeling like you can’t sit still)
- Feelings of guilt or worthlessness
- Suicidal thoughts
A review on PPD by the Journal of American Medical Association also states that people who experience PPD can experience a despondent mood, feeling inadequate as a parent, sleep and appetite disturbances, and impaired concentration.
Sleep disturbances are a regular part of being a new parent, in this situation a sleep disturbance tends to be characterized by difficulty sleeping even when the infant is asleep, and others have offered to care for the infant.